Art Reproduction of Hand Carved Wooden Sculptures with 3D Printing
Artist Morgan Bulkeley, publisher Impress, Inc., the Berkshire Museum and Barnstorm Studio, LLC.
Art to be 3d scanned
Complex, nested, free moving, hand carved and painted wooden sculptures
3D scan and print reproductions retaining similar function, detail and quality of commercial value to a museum
Measuring the distances of overlapping shadows with a camera, projector, turntable and commercial software
Resulting Point Cloud Model
Scanning the second piece
Full color result
Photogrammetry systems can also capture full color information to create an overlay pattern for display or 3d printing
What a generated skin looks like
Editing the model
Editing the tessellated mesh
Closing holes and removing scan defects
Computer Aided Design (CAD) models
Preparing the models
Software calculates the movements of the 3D printing system to maximize efficiency
To determine if the model has any problems that would prevent large scale production
Note support materials that hold nested parts in place
Support material removed
Nested parts move freely within the print
Slight print errors
This resulted from lack of build plate adhesion and heat transfer at the base of the print
3D Printed reproductions retain similar function, detail and quality to be of commercial value. Direct full color printing is possible with additional technologies and processes.
Sample from NYC
Final 3D printed proof
Lots of 3D prints!
Masking areas to be painted
Ready for spray painting
The art of Morgan Bulkeley
Whimsy available for purchase
We were contacted by a local publisher, Impress, Inc. to determine whether it would be possible to 3D print reproductions of the hand carved wooden sculptures of artist Morgan Bulkeley. Because cateloging and preserving art is an important application of 3D technologies, we were excited about the opportunity. Indeed, 3D printing is gaining ground as a viable, cost effective method for preserving some of the worlds most valuable and imperilled artifacts, why not demonstrate how it can be used by artists and creatives of all levels to commercialize their works.
During our initial interview with Hans Teensma, proprietor of Impress, we introduced technologies like Computational Hydrographics, and Thermoforming, methods for transfering full color films onto 3d printed objects. Using processes similar to commercial cell-phone dipping, it would be possible to reproduce Bulkeley's Masks and Relief Paintings, resulting in high quality reproductions suitable for museum gift shops and galleries. An important source of funding for these venues and the artists and public they serve.
Additional application for 3D technologies, beyond commercial reproduction and preservation are many. For example, 3D printed textural canvases and reproductions could present a unique opportunities for museums to offer installations for the blind or people with sensory integration disorders. In these instances patrons would be encouraged to touch paintings and reproductions for a change, feeling what artist themselves experience as they worked. The 3 dimensional aspect of creation, not just the visual.
For a White Paper describing the economics of this project please follow this link.